Selected Passages from Hungarian-Ottoman Wars between 1372-1699

20 December 1626: Prince Bethlen signed a truce with King Ferdinand II

Pozsony in the 17th century
As the Habsburgs were getting stronger, Prince Bethlen has launched his fourth campaign against them in order to decrease their power. In fact, he was quite afraid that the Catholic Habsburg troops would soon appear on the borders of Transylvania and the efforts and results of his previous two campaigns (1619-21 and in 1623) would diminish.
Prince Bethlen Gábor
 
At the same time, England, France, the Netherlands, and Denmark were trying to hinder the Habsburgs` influence in the Holy Roman Empire. In addition to that, Bethlen married Catherine, the daughter of Prince of Brandenburg in 1625 so he had personal ties to the Protestant alliance. You can read more about her here:
Catherine of Brandenburg
Finally, he sent his armies in August 1626 and his main objective was to join the army of General Mansfeld who was approaching Vienna from the direction of Silesia. The leader of the Catholic League, General Wallenstein was on his heels, though. Mansfeld was unable to stop Wallenstein so he was coming near to Hungary.
General Wallenstein
As for Wallenstein, I must remark that he regarded Bethlen as his personal enemy and in his letter to King Ferdinand II, he recommended getting rid of Bethlen by poisoning him. It was not unusual of him as he had also poisoned the father of Zrínyi Miklós before because of an argument.
Emperor Ferdinand II
Bethlen was allied with Pasha Murteza of Buda and their combined Ottoman-Transylvanian army was waiting for the 30,000-strong-army of Wallenstein at Drégelypalánk Castle in North Hungary. As the infantrymen of Mansfeld haven`t arrived yet, Bethlen didn`t dare take up a fight with Wallenstein so he withdrew to Szécsény Castle during the night of 30 September. The Imperial general was also afraid of attacking Bethlen so he also withdrew his troops on the next day and moved toward Érsekújvár (Nové Zámky) Castle.
Archbishop Pázmány Péter
 Emperor Ferdinand II sent Archbishop Pázmány Péter of Esztergom to Bethlen in order to offer a truce. Bethlen signed the truce on 20 December 1626. In fact, the document confirmed the points of the previous Peace of Nikolsburg which had been signed in 1621.
It was Bethlen`s last campaign in the 30-Year-War. It was the next ruler of Transylvania, Prince Rákóczi György who started a new war against the Habsburgs.
The campaigns of Bethlen
 
(My remark: you can find the description of Szécsény, Érsekújvár, Pozsony and Drégely castles on my page.)
(Source: Szibler Gábor)

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The flag of Bethlen Gábor

 

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