Győr is a city in Hungary but this place is located not very far away from Vienna so all advancing armies had to face its walls. Germans called it Raab and it was the “Town of Rivers”. It had been always an important fort on Hungary’s western Borderland and thus it had been frequently attacked by the Austrians in the medieval times.
After Mohács (1526) the city first opened its gates to the national King Szapolyai, then became loyal to the usurper king Ferdinand because of its captain, Nádasdy Tamás. It was in 1529 when the Turks reached it and the castle’s commander, Christopher Lamberg thought it would be futile to defend the town so he burnt it down: so the arriving Turks could see nothing at the castle’s walls just the smoking blackened ruins, hence the Turkish name for Győr, „Yamk Hale” (burned castle). During rebuilding, the town was surrounded by fortifications and a city wall designed by the leading Italian builders of the era. The town changed in character during these years, with many new buildings built in renaissance style, but the main square and the grid of streets remained. In 1594, after the death of Count Cseszneky János, the captain, the Ottoman army occupied the castle and the town because the Italian and German troops surrendered it in exchange for free passage. Their captain, Ferdinand Hardegg, was beheaded for it later. In 1598 the Hungarian and Austrian army, led by Pálffy Miklós and Adolf Schwarzenberg, took control of it again. In 1683, the Turks returned briefly, only to leave after being defeated in the Battle of Vienna.
Győr, Hungary, 17th century: enjoy the pictures of Pazirik Studio…