Corolla / Párta

Corolla

Although it had been part of the ancient nomadic attire of the Hungarian ladies but the noble girls and women began to like wearing the next generation of corollas (in the Hungarian language: “párta”) in the 15th century which became common among the peasants by the 18th century. Married women had their special párta, the so-called bun-párta.

The “párta” was worn by the virgins that the girls wore until the wedding. Whoever “remained in párta” was a girl who could not find a husband so she had no choice to put the párta down. Wearing a párta had been a living habit in the Hungarian Great Plains (Alföld) and in Transylvania for the longest time. The wider bun-párta was worn in the Eastern parts of Transylvania, it framed the girls’ heads from three sides.

The first five pictures are about that particular corolla which was found at Ják in a cemetery(16th century) and is on display in the Savaria Museum now. You can see the reconstructions and some ornaments of it, too. The rest of the pictures are from the folklore of our days from various places from the Carpathian Basin where Hungarians still live.