Borostyánkő (Ballenstein, Paistun)
Borostyánkő is located in the Upper lands/Horná Zem/Felvidék, now it is Slovakia, in the Small Carpathian Mountains. The castle is also called Ballenstein and Paistun or Borinka – it is not the same castle with the other Borostyánkő (Bernstein) in Austria.
It appeared first in writing in 1273 and it was the part of the borderland that was guarding Hungary’s western gates.
It was built on the earlier site of a castle called Stomfa. It was owned by the Austrian Tellesbrunn family in 1314 but it went to the Hungarian king in 1349. Later it was owned by the families of Szentgyörgy and Bazin, until 1526.
The Pálffy family had had it until 1863 but Napoleon’s troops had the castle burned down in 1810.