Selected Passages from Hungarian-Ottoman Wars between 1372-1699



Cseklész (Bernolákovo, previously Čeklís, and in German: Landschütz) is famous for its castle that the Eszterházy family turned into a huge palace. The settlement is located in the Upper lands/Horná Zem/Felvidék, now Slovakia, 21 km north-east to Pozsony (Bratislava, Pressburg).

The village was first mentioned in the document of Hungarian King András II in 1209 when it was given to Sebestyén, the son of the Comes of Nyitra, Tamás. The village consisted of two settlements in the 13th century, they were called Cseki and Luzsnica.

Its castle was built by the Cseklészi family around 1290. The area used to belong to the king during the 14th century but King Robert Károly gave it to Comes Veres Ábrahám in 1324.

The first church of the village was built in the 13th century but was rebuilt in the Gothic style in the 14th century.

The new landlords became the members of the Apponyi family around 1390. Lord Rozgonyi Sebestyén got the castle and the village by a marriage in 1458.

The first seal of the village is from the first part of the 16th century. The place was mentioned as Czeklesz at that time.

The settlement was given the right to hold markets in 1523. The castle was taken by the troops of Prince Bocskai István in 1605 and soon it was destroyed.

The Eszterházy family built a huge baroque palace there.

The settlement was occupied by Imperial troops in 1663. The German army was on the way to bring reinforcement to the besieged Érsekújvár (Nove Zámky). The village had suffered a lot because of the various armies of Thököly Imre and Rákóczi Ferenc which moved through it during the 17th and early 18th century.

The castle has just been beautifully renovated.

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