Csicsva

Csicsva

The castle of Csicsva is above Csicsvaalja, which is called Podčičva in Slovakian.

It belongs to the village of Telekháza (Sedliska) and not too far from Eperjes (Presov). As we can see from this much, the castle is located in the Upper lands/Horná Zem/Felvidék, now it is in Slovakia. However, the castle used to belong to the Hungarian Kingdom (Uhorsko) for a very long time.

Here is a short, silent video about the ruins: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IwMHiw6L0gY

The first mention of the place is from 1270 when King István V gave it to Palatine Rénold of Básztély (he had probably a French descent). Either he or his son, Gyulas, built the castle. Their descendants, the Rozgonyi family lived in it, according to the sources of 1316. They had supported King Anjou Róbert Károly from the beginning so they became barons.

The castle was significantly enlarged and the estates of Zemplén County had their meetings there. The castle was far from the Turkish frontier so it remained in peace for a longer time.

After the Rozgonyies, the Báthory family inherited it in 1523, then it went to the Drugeth family.

King Szapolyai laid a siege on it after 1526 and took it. Unfortunately, he had put it on fire. The whole library of the county was burned there. According to a legend, a special book was stored there which was called “The Book of Lies”. Most sadly, it perished in the fire, too.

The castle was returned to the Drugeth family and had some role in the campaigns of the Transylvanian princes in the 17th century. It was besieged by Prince Bethlen Gábor between 1619-1623 and by Prince Rákóczi György I in 1644.

The castle was the place where the Hungarian nobles joined the rebellion of Prince Thököly Imre against the Habsburgs in 1683.

The castle of Csicsva was owned by the Barkóczy and the Csáky families after 1691. Their garrison ceded the castle to the troops of Prince Rákóczi Ferenc II in 1703.

The castle was doomed in 1711 when the Austrian General Lauken had it exploded.

There had not been any archeological excavation until 2011 but the trees were cut at least and some wooden rails were constructed for the tourists.