Holcmány, (Holzmengen, Hultsmänjen, Hosman) is a village in the Valley of Hortobágy in Transylvania, Romania. It is located in the middle of the historical land of the Saxons and is famous for its fortified church.
It was first mentioned in 1381 as Holzmenia. In 1449 it was ravaged by Vlad III, Voivode of the Wallachia, and then depopulated. Around 1500, 15 farmers, a shepherd, and a schoolmaster were recorded. The historian Oláh Miklós also mentions it in his work “Hungaria”. During the Kuruc wars, only 15 of 400 households survived.
The three-aisled Romanesque church, dedicated to Saint Paul, was built after the Mongolian Tartar invasion, and its construction dates back to 1275. Several elements of this Romanesque building can still be seen today, most notably the western gate and the columns separating the nave from the aisles. The western gate is one of the most important Romanesque architectural monuments in Transylvania.
Source: Hungarian Wikipedia and
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