Selected Passages from Hungarian-Ottoman Wars between 1372-1699

Siklós

the model of Siklós castle

Siklós is located in the southern part of Hungary, the fort was first mentioned in 1294. The castle had a very active medieval history. 

The castle was sold in 1494 to András Bajnai Both and his brother who owned it until 1507.
Then, Palatine Imre Perényi took hold of it who modernized the castle in Renaissance style.
The Palatine’s wife was Dorottya Kanizsai who kept the fort after her husband’s death in 1519. This lady became renowned for bravely burying the dead of the Battle of Mohács in 1526. Ferenc Perényi also died in that battle. His brother, Péter was in charge of guarding the Hungarian Holy Crown. First, he decided to cede it to János Szapolyai who was crowned with it on 10 November 1526 but after this Peter Perenyi gave the crown to the Habsburg usurper, Ferdinand, who was also crowned with it in 1527, too. After his coronation, Perényi had the Holy Crown brought to the castle of Siklós. Perényi changed sides in 1529, again, and went to King Szapolyai but supports King Ferdinand from 1540 on. King Ferdinand puts him under arrest in 1542 for treason and keeps him there for five years when ha had to be released because of the Hungarian lords’ pressure. He died in 1548.

Here is a short video about the castle:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k0EQJ3KfSPg

The Turkish peril was hanging over the castle and its hardest siege happened in 1543.
The defenders yielded the unbalanced fight (they ran out of gunpowder and were offered a safe-conduct) after three days, thus Siklós has become part of the Ottoman Empire until 1686. The Christian burghers were slowly pushed out of the city. A mosque was built in the city and the Franciscan church was turned into a Muslim praying-house, too.
Evilja Chelebi, the famous Turkish traveler listed 7 mosques in the city in the 17th century.
The Turks used the castle and the city as a small regional and logistical center. They stored there a large amount of food and gunpowder. One of them can be seen today, nicely restored.
The Turkish built out the sewer system and they built a bath, too.

Source: http://www.varak.hu

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Here are a few pictures of Siklós castle:

 


 

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