Abafája is in Transylvania, now it is in Romania. It is famous for its Catholic church and for the stately house or castle of the Huszár family. It is on the bank of the River Maros, six kilometers from the city of Szászrégen, on Saxon territory. Its name derives from the ancient Hungarian family name “Aba” and the word “fa” that stands for “forest”. Mentioned first in 1332.
Originally it used to be located a bit farther at a place called Beng but due to the Turkish destruction, it moved to its present place. The settlement in the XVth century grew together with the village called Apáti, founded by the Abbey of Kolozsmonostor. Mihály Tompa was its owner in 1578, then it went to Pál Abafáji Gyulai in 1584. Abafáji Gyulai Pál (about 1550 – 1592) used to be vice-chancellor and secretariat of the Transylvanian prince, later an advisor. He had a great renaissance education, had learned in Padua and Bologna.
When Prince Báthory gained the Polish throne in 1576, he took Gyulai with him to Poland who had made himself indispensable with his talent and skills. Gyulai’s favorite property was Abafája that he had received in 1684 from Prince István Báthory. Prince Zsigmond Báthory also granted him another land called Mocsár in 1591 which later became the favorite hunting forest of Prince György Rákóczi I. The famous Péter Huszár (1535-1603), formerly chief-captain of Pápa castle, the captain of Veszprém and Várpalota, the Bán (“duke”?) of Lugos, a soldier from the Trans-Danubian region of Royal Hungary, got the place from Prince Zsigmond Báthory of Transylvania in 1595. Huszár was renowned for his valiant deeds against the Turks. His descendant, Mátyás Huszár still had Abafája, he was the chief-horseman and table-master of Prince György Rákóczi I (1603-1648).
Kelemen Mikes (1690-1761) spent his childhood years in abafája, too. He became the famous chronicler of Prince Ferenc Rákóczi. The castle has remained in the family’s hands from this time on. There is writing in the castle with the number “1590”, the building of the castle must have been earlier.
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