Selected Passages from Hungarian-Ottoman Wars

Chalice, 1462

Hungarian masterpieces in the museums of the world…
I thought it would be appropriate to show you some masterpieces from the period so as to demonstrate the richness of the culture of the Hungarian Kingdom and the Transylvanian Principality…

The experts of the Metropolitan Museum say this chalice is from Southeastern Europe but I presume it is from the Hungarian kingdom or more precisely, from Transylvania.

The description of the Museum is below:

Date: 1462
Medium: Gilded silver, filigree enamel, pearls
Dimensions:Overall: 8 7/16 x 5 1/2 in. (21.5 x 14 cm)
diam. of cup: 4 3/16 in. (10.6 cm)

High-ranking church officials would have used this flamboyant Gothic chalice on special occasions, and the object’s colorful and glittering appearance would have been in divine harmony with the multicolored sunlight coming through the stained glass windows. The grandeur of the delicate filigree enameling became associated with the term “modo transilvano”, or, “in the Transylvanian fashion.”

Along with bejeweled examples, ostentatiously colorful, enameled chalices, such as this one, were the pride of church treasuries in Central and Southeastern Europe and Northern Italy, including Venice, which had a common border with the fifteenth-century Hungarian Kingdom. The majority of ecclesiastical silver was destroyed during the Reformation in the sixteenth- century. The chalice bears the date 1462 and names the otherwise unknown donor Nicolas Cynowec. The object itself is equally illustrious as its distinguished provenance, from the collection of Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild in Vienna.

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