Borosjenő (Romanian: Ineu, Serbian: Janopol, Turkish: Yanova), used to belong to the Principality of Transylvania as it is on the Eastern edge of the Hungarian Great Plain. It can be found in Romania, the fort is situated on the bank of the Sbes-Kőrös River. The castle was first mentioned in 1214, then in 1295 as Castri Jeneu. The Hungarian Losonczy family owned it in the 14-15th centuries. We know that Losonczy István, Bán (Duke) of Szörény wrote one of his letters from there in 1387. At that time, the settlement belonged to Dézna and Pankota castles.
Serbians fled here from Sultan Murad and settled here after 1438. The Losonczy family’s “castellum” was mentioned in 1474. They reinforced the castle in the 1530s and in the 1540s, they added corner towers to it according to the principles of the Renaissance-style fort architecture. The strategic role of Jenő castle increased when the Ottoman Turks appeared in the area. As these lands suffered lots of attacks and raids, the countryside became quite depopulated and Serbian settlers arrived to substitute the locals. The Serbians named the place in honor of Hunyadi János. You can read more about him here: https://www.hungarianottomanwars.com/essays/the-military-education-of-hunyadi-janos/
Losonczi István was the captain of Temesvár and he heroically defended it to the last man in 1552. After his death, his widow and daughters inherited Jenő castle, they were on the side of King Habsburg Ferdinand in the sorrowful years of Dual Kingship. Prince (or elected king) János Zsigmond took Jenő castle from them in 1565. It was when Jenő castle became the frontier castle between the Habsburg-ruled Royal Hungary, the Ottoman Occupied Lands, and the Principality of Transylvania. After this time, the fort exchanged hands several times. You can read more about the siege of Jenő in 1595 on my page:
The Turks took Borosjenő castle in 1566 but Borbély György, the soldier of Prince Báthory Zsigmond fought it back in 1595, defeating the 700 Ottoman soldiers who were defending it. The fort was owned by Hungarians, Germans, and Turks and it has an inner castle and an outer one, defended by moats. Evlyia Celebi, the great Turkish traveler gave a detailed description of this castle after 1658. By this time, the small fort’s significance had increased.
After the fall of Lippa in 1616, it became a Borderland castle against the Turks. It had a grand Renaissance palace that was damaged in a fire in 1618 but it was extended and renovated between 1625-1630 by Captain Gálffy György. However, it was not in mint condition in 1645 when the new chief captain, Haller Gábor had to follow the order of Prince Rákóczi György by repairing the four imposing bastions.
Unfortunately, the raid did not bring full success. As usual, the bulk of the Hungarian troops hid in a forest while a smaller unit called “bait” was trying to lure the Ottoman riders to their hiding place. This time, the Ottomans who were chasing the handful unit of Hussars discovered the trap and turned back in time to escape. However, the Hungarians were able to capture two high-ranking Ottoman officers, Agha Hasszán of Gyula castle and Agha Mehmed, the landlord of Kutas and Lökösháza.
According to a recent update, the local authority of Borosjenő began reconstructing the building a few years ago. Promising archeological excavations are going on, and in 2016 they found nine Romanesque carved stones from the 12th-13th century that were used during the castle’s construction in the 1530s. Such stones had already been unearthed in the 1870s, too. These stones may have come from the nearby monastery of Dénesmonostora (mentioned first in 1199) that became abandoned in the 16th century. In 2019, 14 more nice stones were revealed.
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Here are some more pictures of Jenő castle: